This manual is part of a series of resources for improving the quality of care for severely ill children in health facilities. It supports the improved use and availability of oxygen therapy in low resource settings. The manual addresses the need for appropriate detection of hypoxaemia and use of pulse oximetry, oxygen delivery systems and monitoring of patients on oxygen therapy. In addition, the manual addresses practical use of pulse oximetry, and oxygen concentrators and cylinders. Advanced and high technology oxygen options, such as mechanical ventilation or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, are not described.
The main purpose is to:
- Increase the awareness and the need for improving the availability of oxygen therapy in low resource settings.
- Improve the detection and management of hypoxaemia in the severely ill children.
- Improve the delivery and monitoring of patients on oxygen therapy.
This practical bedside manual can be used in most areas of the world and can be adapted to country-specific circumstances.
This manual is intended primarily for use by health care providers, policy makers, biomedical engineers, child health programme managers, health facility administrators, and other paramedical professional staff involved in the care of children. It can also be used as a resource in medical and paramedical pre-service training institutions.