This report quantifies the magnitude, value, scope and trends of global trade in counterfeit and pirated goods, also known as fakes. Using a unique enforcement dataset and tailored methodology, it estimates the overall scale of this threat and outlines which industries are particularly at risk. It also gauges the main economies of origin of fakes in global trade, and the key directions of trade flows. Finally, it analyses recent trends in terms of modes of shipment and the evolution of trade routes.
The OECD series Illicit Trade provides decision makers with insightful analysis of black and grey markets, as well as innovative guidance and evaluations of policies designed to reduce or deter them. It covers a wide spectrum of studies on illicit market sectors, from counterfeits and narcotics to humans and wildlife, as well as reports on cross-cutting facilitators of illicit trade, such as free trade zones or the use of small parcels to avoid detection. It builds on quantitative analysis and qualitative insights, and benefits from discussions with OECD and non-OECD countries as well as non-government stakeholders.